Just another GR refugee. Other than that, I had a stroke in 2004, and read almost anything I can get my hands on, though I have a particular weakness for history, mystery, and historical fiction.
Chapter 5: War in Scotland
While the young Edward III and the not-quite-so-young Philip VI (both on their thrones only a few years) dispute the latter's holdings in France, Scotland is also a matter much on Edward's mind.
His grandfather, Edward I, after totally subduing Wales, had turned on Scotland (his nickname was "the Hammer of the Scots" for good reason), where he made and broke kings, but failed to conquer the entire kingdom. The kings of Scotland, however, are technically the greatest of his vassals. In Edward II's day, however, this is less true, and the Scots rebel rather more successfully than previously. In the chaos surrounding the overthrow of Edward II, Edward III's youngest sister, Joan, is married to David II of Scotland (also a child - she is seven and he is four), in order to seal a peace. (She is mockingly known as "Joan Makepeace.") Edward III loathes this peace.
To break it, he will use the claim of Edward Baliol, son of John Baliol, to be king of Scotland; Baliol has already sworn fealty. He defeats David II's regent, the Earl of Mar, at Dupplin Moor, and is crowned at Scone in 1332. However, he has little support within Scotland itself, and is forced to flee back to England after a devastating surprise attack, only three months later. The English are quick to provide him with support, and use with great success many of the tactics that the French will become familiar with at a later date, at Halidon Hill. At the end of the battle, five of Scotland's earls lay dead, as well as the regent and thousands of other men. The English casualties were light.
Edward Baliol, as previously agreed, then ceded most of the southern counties of Scotland, and "ruled" over a rump Scotland. Where he had few supporters. That situation could not last, and did not. David II was in exile in Paris, where he had friends at the French court, and other rebels would rise. Edward Baliol's rule would be short.
Edward III had won victory on the battlefield, but could not subdue the Scots as his grandfather had the Welsh; he was distracted by events elsewhere. Philip VI had a new great minister, Miles de Noyer, more aggressive than his predecessors, a man confident in his own abilities and his master's rights to rule all of France. And Philip, under his advice, would be supporting the Scots via privateers, the promise of 6000 men, and confronting Edward III's position in Gascony.
Edward III cared about retaining Gascony more than conquering Scotland - Gascony was part of his inheritance, and Scotland was not.
Next time: The war actually kicks off!